Blood Moons, Eclipses of the Sun, and Meteors

Johan Malan, Mossel Bay, South Africa (May 2013)

There are two important reasons why there is renewed interest in cosmic phenomena such as eclipses of the sun and moon, and also in the real danger which meteors and asteroids pose to a densely populated world. The one reason is the publication of information, mainly by Messianic Jews, indicating that there will be various so-called “blood moons” and eclipses of the sun which will coincide with important Jewish festivals, and therefore have eschatological significance. The other reason is a growing consciousness of the dangers which meteors and asteroids pose to life on earth.

Pastor Mark Biltz, a Messianic Jew of El Shaddai Ministries near Washington made an astounding discovery on eclipses of the sun and moon by relating them to biblical prophecies concerning Israel. He refers to various ‘blood moons’ that will occur in 2014 and 2015 during the sabbatical year of the present year-week. He interprets this phenomenon in terms of Joel 2:31 where God says, “The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and terrible day of the Lord.”

Mark derived his information from the NASA Eclipse Website and discovered a clear pattern in the sequence of the eclipses by dating them according to the Jewish calendar. The back to back occurrence of four blood moons in successive years is a rare event in history. It happened in 1949/50 after Israel was restored to their land in 1948, and again in 1967/68 after biblical Jerusalem (the Old City) was recaptured by Israel in June 1967. The next time it occurs will be in 2014/15, and it is most probable that it could take place concurrent with important prophetic events in Israel. (NASA has posted the following article on a lunar eclipse which will occur in 2015:

It cannot be regarded as coincidence that all four blood moons of 2014/15 occur on religious festivals of Israel, together with two eclipses of the sun also on important days in 2015. A blood moon will occur on the 14th day of Nisan in 2014, when the Passover will be celebrated in Israel (cf. Lev. 23:5). Nisan is the first month in Israel’s religious calendar. On the 15th day of the seventh month (Tishri) when the feast of Tabernacles begins (cf. Lev. 23:34), there will be another blood moon. Exactly the same pattern will be repeated in 2015. Because of Israel’s lunar calendar these dates all coincide with the full moon – on these occasions the moon will become blood-red. Apart from the lunar eclipses there will also be two eclipses of the sun in 2015 – on the first day of Nisan and again on the first day of Tishri. The Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) is celebrated on 1st Tishri, which is the beginning of their civil calendar.

The discoveries of Mark Biltz are even more significant when it is taken into account that the year from 25 Sept. 2014 to 13 Sept. 2015 will be a sabbatical year which will conclude the year-week which started with Rosh Hashanah on 30 Sept. 2008. Four blood moons in successive years will never occur again during the entire remainder of the 21st century. That strengthens the expectation that the year-week which started on 30 Sept. 2008 and ends in Sept. 2015 may well be the final run-up to the dark days of the tribulation period (the 70th year-week of Daniel).


       The moon shall become like blood...                       and the sun black as sackcloth of hair.

Eclipses of the sun are associated with dark times in Israel’s history, particularly when they occur in the month of Av (July/August). Jews fast during this month and lament the destruction of the first temple by Nebuchadnezzar on 9 Av, as well as the destruction of the second temple by the Romans on the same day in the year 70 AD.

There are various indications that the tension between Israel and her Muslim neighbours are close to breaking-point. Iran’s president and religious leaders have made renewed calls for the complete annihilation of Israel. Their nuclear programme has been accelerated and they have armed Hezbollah in Lebanon to the teeth. This terrorist group now have a large arsenal of modern rockets that can hit any target in Israel. They have renewed their commitment to the total destruction of the Jewish state. The same campaign of hatred is also perpetrated against the US.

Worldwide pressure for the dividing of Israel’s land and the city of Jerusalem in order to establish a Palestinian state also precipitates the coming war against Israel, described in Ezekiel 38 and 39. It will be an intense struggle for survival in Israel but the Lord will intervene to end this war. After this divine intervention the Antichrist will appear on the scene and falsely claim credit for preventing the war. Because of these claims he will also be accepted as Messiah by Israel (cf. John 5:43; Dan. 9:27).

As far as blood moons and eclipses of the sun are concerned, it should be kept in mind that, due to warfare, fires and natural disasters (particularly volcanic eruptions), intense pollution of the air will occur for extended periods during the great tribulation. Thick clouds of smoke will cause the moon to become red as blood, while the sun will become black as sackcloth. These signs will be highly dramatic and all people will see them. Joel says: “The sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and awesome day of the Lord” (Joel 2:31).

In Revelation, John says: “I looked when He opened the sixth seal, and behold, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became like blood. And the stars of heaven fell to the earth, as a fig tree drops its late figs when it is shaken by a mighty wind” (Rev. 6:12-13).

Revelation 8:12 refers to a time when a third of the heavenly bodies will be darkened by a judgement of God, while even total darkness will subsequently prevail on earth (Rev. 16:10).

At the end of the great tribulation, during the second coming of Christ, these cosmic signs will reach their climax: “Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory” (Matt. 24:29-30).

Year-weeks in Israel

According to Leviticus 25:1-8, there are successive year-weeks in Israel’s chronology. These are periods of seven years, of which the seventh year is a sabbatical year. Israel’s lunar calendar starts every year on 1 Tishri when it is Rosh Hashanah (New Year). That date usually coincides with a day in September on the Gregorian solar calendar.

Year-weeks are observed in modern Israel’s chronology. The previous year-week started in September 2001 and ended in September 2008, while the present year-week will be concluded in September 2015. Orthodox Jews expect that important eschatological events will occur at the beginning of a year-week. Daniel confirms the fact that the false messiah will confirm a covenant with Israel and the nations “for one week”, referring to a year-week of seven years.


The book of Revelation refers to “stars” that will fall to earth during the time when the sun and the moon are darkened. But “stars” is merely a generic term for heavenly bodies, and in this case refers to meteoroids, asteroids and comets. When a meteoroid enters the atmosphere of the earth it disintegrates, leaving behind a shining trail of gasses and melted particles. This phenomenon is colloquially referred to as a “shooting star” or a “falling star”. Its colour may vary between orange, yellow, blue/green, purple and red, depending on the chemical composition of the meteor.

If a meteor withstands ablation from its atmospheric entry and impacts with the ground, then it is called a meteorite. Should there be a large number of meteors moving through the sky, with parts of them falling to the ground, this phenomenon is referred to as a meteoric shower. A particularly bright meteor is described as a fireball. Meteors usually enter earth’s atmosphere with a loud bang as they are moving faster than the speed of sound.

A case study in Russia

Early on the morning of February 15, 2013, a meteor streaked across the sky above Russia’s Ural Mountains and exploded approximately 25 to 30 kilometres above the industrial city of Chelyabinsk – 1,500 kilometres east of Moscow. The meteor was travelling at an estimated speed of 18.6 kilometres per second (over 66,000 kilometres per hour) when it exploded. The fireball blazed across the horizon, leaving a long white trail that could be seen as far as 200 kilometres away.

Amateur videos showed a big fireball in the sky and followed by a loud boom several minutes afterwards. Eyewitnesses also felt intense heat from the fireball. The dazzling light of the meteor was brighter than the sun. The fireball exploded, injuring more than 1,500 people – mostly through secondary causes such as shattered windows.

The object was undetected before its atmospheric entry and its explosion created considerable confusion among local residents. Some 7,200 buildings in six cities across the region were damaged by the explosion’s shock wave, and authorities scrambled to help repair the structures in sub-zero temperatures. The buildings that were damaged include 6,040 apartment blocks, 293 medical facilities, 718 schools and universities, 100 cultural organizations, and 43 sport facilities. A hole of six metres wide was caused in a frozen lake.

Due to its enormous velocity and shallow atmospheric entry angle, the object exploded in an air burst over the Chelyabinsk Oblast, at a height of about 25 kilometres. The explosion generated a bright flash, producing many small fragmentary meteorites and a powerful shock wave. The atmosphere fortunately absorbed most of the object’s energy, with a total kinetic energy before atmospheric impact equivalent to approximately 440 kilotons of TNT (about 20–30 times more energy than was released from the atomic bomb detonated at Hiroshima).

With an estimated initial mass of about 10,000 tons, and measuring between 17 to 20 metres in size, it is the largest known natural object to have entered Earth’s atmosphere since the 1908 Tunguska event which destroyed a wide, remote forest area of Siberia. The Chelyabinsk meteor is also the only meteor confirmed to have resulted in a large number of injuries.

Try to imagine the damage that could be caused by an apocalyptic meteor shower!




Photos of a meteor that exploded above Russia in February 2013. Thousands of meteorites subsequently struck the earth.





The following are drawings or photos of other meteors, as well as a crater caused by a meteorite:








The Hoba meteorite near Grootfontein in Namibia weighs about 60 tons and is the largest known meteorite on earth. It is composed of 84% iron and 16% nickel.


The Williamette meteorite fell in the USA and weighs about 15.5 tons. It consists of 91% iron and 7.6% nickel.